Cockroaches are nocturnal and fast-breeding bugs that can easily adapt to any kind of environment. These bugs do not directly harm humans but they are known carriers of diseases and bacteria. For this reason, the very presence of roaches can put people at risk for various health problems and conditions.
With that said, cockroach infestation is not something you can ignore. You need to take the time to follow certain precautions to prevent them from infesting your property and to completely get rid of them. Although there are chemical pesticides that promise to kill these bugs successfully, you cannot be entirely sure that these products are safe and effective. Here are a few steps to help you prevent a full-blown roach infestation.
Step 1: Identify Whether You Have An Infestation
Generally, roaches have long elongated, brown-colored body that may or may not have wings, depending on their gender. They are usually medium-sized but in certain areas of the world, they can grow very large. These bugs are easily identified by their spiny legs, oval-shaped bodies, and long antennae.
These bugs love to dwell in warm, dark, and moist areas. They can also feed on anything they can find; thus, they can be found even in the most unhygienic places. If you want to look for these bugs, it is best to look for them at night. You can use a flashlight to avoid spooking them. The signs of infestation may include:
- Live roaches
- Dead bodies of roaches
- Discarded shell casing- these are small exoskeletons that are dark-brown in color
- Droppings- their excretions usually look like pepper and coffee grounds. Larger roaches may have cylindrical feces which may look like mice droppings only smaller.
- Odor- these bugs generally emit pheromones that have a distinctive and powerful musty odor. If the infestation is very serious, the smell can get pretty bad as well.
Step 2: Locate Entry Places And Starve These Bugs
After identifying whether your home is infested with roaches, the next thing you can do is to find out where they enter your home. In doing so, you can seal off the possible entrances to prevent further infestation. To find possible entry places, you need to look for cracks or holes. They can also come into your home through your drains. You can seal off these entrances using fibrous materials or by caulking them.
The next thing you need to do is to deprive these bugs of their basic needs. The best deterrent against roaches is by eliminating food and water sources. To do so, you must keep your home clean and sanitary. Regularly sweep and vacuum indoors, and make sure you clean up after meals. You must also seal all your foods in tight plastic containers.
Step 3: Eradicate Existing Roaches
Once you determine that your home is infested with these bugs, you must immediately take action. Do not wait until the infestation grows out of hand. Remember that roaches are fast-breeding bugs; thus, you might suffer from a full-blown infestation if you do not take the necessary pest control solutions. Here are some natural roach control solutions which you can apply on your own:
- Boric Acid Powder: This is one of the most effective solutions against pest infestation. You can sprinkle the powder in the entry places of roaches and in areas where roaches are commonly found, such as behind the refrigerator, pantry, cupboards, and kitchen sinks. This solution is toxic for roaches, but it can also be toxic for humans as well. For this reason, make sure to keep boric acid powder away from children and pets.
- Baking Soda: This is a very effective solution against roaches. When these bugs ingest baking soda and then drink water, they will eventually burst. This is a tested solution to remove roaches from your household.
- Roach Bait And Trap: You can use a slow working poison and mix it with food that attracts these bugs. When the bugs eat it or bring it to their nest, it can efficiently kill all the cockroaches. Be careful in using such techniques though, since it can have an adverse effect on children and pets when they accidentally ingest it.
You can also use traps to entice roaches and trap them using an adhesive. To create a roach trap, you can make a solution of soap and water. The soapy water will create a thin film on the roaches’ skin where they have breathing pores. In doing so, it will block their airway, causing the bugs to suffocate to death.
The author, Kris Lim, is a writer for home improvement websites where she offers tips and advice on how to make the home a more comfortable living environment. Her works have also been used by pest control companies, such as Rove Pest Control.